De Museu dos Brinquedos
What is Permaculture
Permanent Culture, or Permaculture, was conceived as a self-sustaining agricultural method, where agricultural systems are designed to require minimal, or ideally, no external human intervention. In modern days this term has been extended to explain a holistic approach to designing self-sufficient and ecologically-balanced human settlements, which minimizes our dependence on industrial systems of production and distribution and promotes synergy and harmony one of the different components of our immediate environment.
Permaculture aspires to determine an ecological balance inside the system. A perfectly balanced system is one that doesn't need external modifications and relies completely by itself resources, where one product is used to feed another. For example, a very simple permaculture farm is one which utilizes its animal waste to give its crops, which are utilized to feed the animals. At the same time, just enough crops and animal products (for example meat, eggs, etc) are generated to feed a persons community. This type of simple system can evolve with time and turn into a highly complex ecosystem of their own.
Permaculture uses set of a well-defined group of design principles:
1. Underlying permaculture is observation and planning: before creating a farm one needs to observe study and understand its natural components and just how they connect with each other. One should think about the natural and artificial boundaries that define the system, as well as the natural resources that are available there. 2. Evaluating these parameters then leads to the design, implementation and long-term maintenance of the permaculture system. The design is a highly creative and innovative process that is really the answer to the success of the system. 3. Central themes within the design include the utilization of patterns, both natural (like a form of a wave or spiral, common in nature) or patterns useful for a specific need (like a particular structure to minimize waste). 4. Permaculture often utilizes layers, to create a harmonious and efficient use of space. For example, layering different sized plants on a single soil patch will optimize space usage and allow an assorted and complementary eco-system to emerge.
Exactly how should we create and take advantage of permaculture? There are lots of resources, books, courses an internet-based websites that teach individuals how to improve their household and home-farming based on permaculture methods. We can start from planting plants inside a certain pattern, raising farm animals in a certain manner or collecting and recycling water for use at home. There are lots of amounts of practicing permaculture and everybody can usually benefit from its obvious advantages. And on top of it all, we obtain to preserve the environment and live harmoniously with our planet and its many ecosystems.